George Washington - He was employed by the County 1749-1751 as the official county surveyor. Young George, 17 years old at the time, cited Culpeper County's "high and pleasant situation".
Eppa Rixey - A famous Hall of Fame baseball player, Eppa Rixey was born on East St. in Downtown Culpeper. He Played for Philadelphia and Cincinnati.
Clara Barton - A famous nurse and founder of the Red Cross. She performed her first field duty in Culpeper at the Battle of Cedar Mountain.
George Custer - A Union Officer, more famous for his participation in the later Indian Wars and the infamous tragedy at The Battle of Little Big Horn. During the winter encampment of 1863-64, Custer was headquartered at a home in Stevensburg. He was so enamored of the area that when he married (during the occupation), he brought his bride to Stevensburg for the honeymoon.
Daniel Boone - Famous American explorer, lived in Stevensburg for 3 years during the 1750's.
J.E.B. Stuart - Headquartered in Culpeper several times during the Civil War, the longest period was probably the winter of 1862-63. Attended services at St. Stephens Episcopal Church.
- Born in the county, moved into the Town of Culpeper as a boy. His family home is now called the A.P. Hill Building at the corner of Main & Davis St. A.P. Hill was a celebrated Civil War General.
Ulysses S. Grant - Commander of the Union Army and later President of the United States of America. Resided in the Town of Culpeper for several months during the winter and spring of 1864. Grant's Overland Campaign, that subsequently ended the Civil War at Appamattox, was developed and instituted from Culpeper.
Walt Whitman - Famous American poet also served as a nurse in Culpeper during the Civil War.
Patrick Henry - Argued cases concerning religious freedom here in Culpeper at the Culpeper Courthouse.
Robert E. Lee - Headquartered in Culpeper several times during the Civil War. The longest period was probably the winter from 1862-63. Attended services at St. Stephens Episcopal Church.
- Marched through Culpeper during the Revolutionary War. Returned in the early 1800's to be wined and dined at Greenwood in the Town of Culpeper.
Betty Washington Lewis - After the death of her husband, she moved to Culpeper to live with her daughter., Mrs. Robert Carter. She became ill and died shortly thereafter. She is buried here in the County of Culpeper.
John McKinley - United States Jurist, born in Culpeper, Virginia. After a steady political career in Alabama, he served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1837-52.
'Extra' Billy Smith - Twice Governor of Virginia, lived in a house on Main St. in the Town of Culpeper. The house was the same house where General Grant headquartered during the occupation of 1863-64. Governor Smith was in Richmond at the time.
Ellen Herndon Arthur - Wife of former President of the United States, Chester Arthur. Mrs. Arthur was born in a house on Main St. This house still stands.
Richard W. Thompson - U.S. public official, born in Culpeper, Virginia. Moved to Indiana, served as Secretary of the Navy under President Hayes.
Admiral Lewis L. Strauss - Resided in Brandy Station, Virginia. Personal secretary to President Hoover and later became Chairman of the Nuclear Energy Commission.